Common Vaccinations

Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is a disease caused by and carried by mosquitoes. The method of infection is by a bite of a mosquito that has the disease. Common in parts of Africa and South America, anyone can get yellow fever, but the elderly have a higher risk of infection. Symptoms usually occur 3 to 6 days after a bite from an infected mosquito.

Cholera

Cholera is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae which releases a toxin into the body. Cholera increases water release from cells in the intestines and causes severe diarrhea. Not common in the developed world, Cholera occurs in places with poor sanitation, crowding, war, and famine, and is frequent in Africa, Asia, India, Mexico, Central and Southern America. The infection is usually passed consuming contaminated food or water. 

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A can be usually be found in the stools and blood of an infected person around 15 - 45 days before symptoms occur and during the first week of illness. Hepatitis is usally caught by consuming food or water that has been contaminated by feces containing the hepatitis A virus. The disease can also contact with the stool or blood of a person who currently has the disease or from sexual practices that involve oral-anal contact. Not everyone has symptoms with hepatitis A infection and many people are living undiagnosed. Common areas for infection includes Asia and South & Central America.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B infection can be spread through having contact with the blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and other body fluids of someone who is already infected. Areas with high infection rates include Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean

Typhoid

S. typhi is a bacteria that causes typhoid fever  and spreads through the consumption of contaminated food or drink. The bacteria travel into your intestines bloodstream, where they can get to your lymph nodes, gallbladder, liver, and other parts of the body. A few people can become carriers of S. typhi and continue to release the bacteria in their stools for years, spreading the disease. Typhoid fever is common only in developing countries with only a handful of cases reported in the developed world, most of which originate overseas.

Rabies

Rabies is spread by infected saliva entering the body through a bite or broken skin. The virus travels to the brain, where it causes swelling, or inflammation. This inflammation leads to symptoms of the disease. Dog bites are a common cause of rabies in developing countries.